Cystitis is the most common disease of the urinary system, especially in women, especially in childbearing age, and some women have bladder infections repeatedly. Bladder infections in men are rare. Can be divided into bacterial, non-bacterial and tuberculosis, bacterial can be divided into acute cystitis and chronic cystitis, cystitis is often accompanied by urethritis, collectively referred to as lower urinary tract infection. Many urinary system diseases can cause cystitis, and diseases outside the urinary system (such as inflammation of the reproductive organs, gastrointestinal disorders and nerve system damage, etc.) can make the bladder infected.
Inducing factors: All factors that can destroy the normal antibacterial ability of the bladder mucosa, change the normal tissue structure of the bladder wall, and be suitable for bacterial retention, growth and reproduction can induce cystitis.
Infection route of cystitis
- Ascending infection: Bacteria enter the bladder through the urethra, the most common way of infection.
- Downward infection: secondary to kidney infection, bacteria enter the bladder with urine through the ureter.
- Local direct infection: After the bladder fistula is directly connected with the external skin, when the bladder vaginal fistula and bladder rectal fistula, bacteria directly invade the bladder through the fistula, causing cystitis.
Over a long period of time, cystitis can cause diffuse congestion and edema of the mucosa, which is deep red. Multiple mucosal hemorrhage or blood stasis in the submucosa, occasionally superficial ulcers, sometimes with pus or necrotic tissue attached to the surface, the muscular layer is rarely violated, and the lesion is most obvious in the bladder triangle. Under the microscope, in addition to mucosal edema, there is also mucosal shedding, capillary blood vessels are significantly expanded, and leukocyte infiltration can extend to the muscular layer. Therefore, early detection, early treatment and early treatment cannot be delayed.
Cystitis is very harmful to the body, because having cystitis can make it difficult to use the toilet, and it can also cause other complications. What are the symptoms of cystitis?
The cause of cystitis is because bacteria infects the urinary system inside the body, which causes abscesses around the bladder. As the virus spreads, it presses the waist, which can also cause pain in the waist. When a woman is urinating, she may also feel difficulty in urinating and pain in the genitals. In the early stages of cystitis, the symptoms are relatively mild, as long as you drink more water and eat some anti-inflammatory drugs can be treated. And in the diet, pay attention to not eating spicy foods, as well as foods containing pigments and various flavors.
People with cystitis will have problems with the urinary system. With the increasing number of bacteria in inflammation, some cystitis patients will have difficulty urinating, and they will feel abnormal during urination. The performance of men is frequent urination and urgency, or they often feel that the bladder is very swollen and urinating, but they ca n’t pull it out, and they urinate a lot at night. The patient’s daily life.
After discovering that there is a problem with the bladder, you should go to the hospital in time for treatment, and don’t miss the good time for diagnosis and treatment. If cystitis is not treated early, it is easy for bacteria and viruses to spread, infecting other organs and causing other complications. Moreover, cystitis will make the patient’s immunity weak, and it is easy to cause colds and fever. Patients with cystitis can also experience ups and downs in emotions, happy for a while, and sad for a while, and they are all inexplicable. Men with cystitis also have two diseases, urethritis and balanitis.